Volume 3, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 52-59
Effect of Acacia albida Pods Associated to Polyethylene Glycol on the In vitro Digestibility of Rice Straw Treated with Banana Leaves Ashes Extract in Goat
Lemoufouet Jules, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Tendonkeng Fernand, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Kana Jean Raphael, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Miégoué Emile, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Mube Kuitche Hervé, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Tchio Sah Rodrigue, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Mekuiko Watsop Hippolyte, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Nathalie Mweugang Ngouopo, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Matumuini Ndzani Essie Ference, Higher institute of Agronomy and Biotechnology (INSAB), University of Science and Technology of Masuku, Franceville, Gabon
Pamo Tedonkeng Etienne, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Received: Oct. 15, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 15, 2019;       Published: Dec. 4, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijast.20190304.12      View  444      Downloads  137
Abstract
In order to satisfy the feed requirements of animals in short periods, the integration of livestock to plant production appears as a promising route. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of Acacia albida pods associated to polyethylene glycol on the in vitro digestibility of rice straw treated with extract of ashes of banana leaves, incubated with ruminal fluid from a goat. The study was carried out from March to June 2018 in the Research Unit of Animal Production and Nutrition (URPRONAN) and in the Laboratory of Soil Sciences of the University of Dschang. The rice straw and the banana leaves were harvested in the Agricultural Research Institute for Development (IRAD) of Santchou and Dschang respectively; whereas the Acacia albida pods were collected in the Region of Koundoul, locality situated at 25km from Ndjamena in Tchad. At the beginning of the experiment, after the preparation of the ash extract, treatment of rice straw and formulation of the rations, samples were taken in order to determine the chemical composition and evaluate the in vitro digestibility. The results showed that the treatment with ash extract led to an increase in sodium (801 to 900 mg/kg), phosphorus (1537.45 mg/kg), calcium (2440 to 11520 mg/kg), magnesium (1243 to 1410 mg/kg) and potassium (5951.75 to 10276.75 mg/kg) content. Contrarily, it induces a decrease in the content of organic matter (from 90.13 to 81.86%DM), lipids (from 1.39 to 0.39) and NDF (from 96.44 to 77.57). However, the reverse effect was observed with contents in ash (from 9.96 to 18.13%DM). The complementation of rice straw with Acacia albida pods associated or not to polyethylene glycol significantly (p<0.05) improved all the parameters of in vitro digestibility of rice straw treated or not, except the partitioning factor (PF) where the values were comparable (p>0.05). The in vitro digestibility of dry matter and the microbial mass (MM) instead observed a slight decrease. Apart from the residual nitrogen, the highest values of the other parameters of in vitro digestibility were obtained with treated rice straw compared to untreated rice straw. Acacia albida pods associated to polyethylene glycol on the in vitro digestibility of rice straw treated with banana leaves ashes extract improves digestibility’s parameters in goat.
Keywords
Rice Straw, Banana Leaves, Ash Extract, Acacia Albida, Polyethylene Glycol, Goat, In Vitro Digestibility
To cite this article
Lemoufouet Jules, Tendonkeng Fernand, Kana Jean Raphael, Miégoué Emile, Mube Kuitche Hervé, Tchio Sah Rodrigue, Mekuiko Watsop Hippolyte, Nathalie Mweugang Ngouopo, Matumuini Ndzani Essie Ference, Pamo Tedonkeng Etienne, Effect of Acacia albida Pods Associated to Polyethylene Glycol on the In vitro Digestibility of Rice Straw Treated with Banana Leaves Ashes Extract in Goat, International Journal of Animal Science and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2019, pp. 52-59. doi: 10.11648/j.ijast.20190304.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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