Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 7-19
Genetic Diversity of Benin Cattle Populations Using Microsatellite Markers
Kassa Sagui Kévin, Animal Health and Production Department, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Dayo Guiguigbaza-Kossigan Charles, International Center of Research and Development for Breeding in Subhumid Area, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Yapi-Gnaoré Valentine, International Center of Research and Development for Breeding in Subhumid Area, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Sylla Souleymane, International Center of Research and Development for Breeding in Subhumid Area, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Konkobo Maurice, International Center of Research and Development for Breeding in Subhumid Area, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Youssao Abdou Karim Issaka, Animal Health and Production Department, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Received: Sep. 6, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 19, 2018;       Published: Feb. 15, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijast.20190301.12      View  271      Downloads  51
Abstract
The genetic characteristics of cattle breeds of Benin are little known. This study aimed to assess the genetic diversity of major cattle breeds of Benin. For this purpose, blood samples from 179 cattle including 31 Girolando, 30 White Fulani cattle, 31 Borgou, 31 Lagunaire, 43 Somba and 13 crossbreed Azawak x Lagunaire were characterized using 12 microsatellites markers. All used microsatellites were polymorphic within each breed of cattle. The TGLA53 marker presented the highest number of alleles (15) in the Borgou cattle while the lowest number of alleles (2) was found at the INRA 63 locus for crossbreed Azawak x Lagunaire. The observed heterozygosity rates ranged from 0.79 to 0.57 in Girolando and Somba populations respectively. The highest expected heterozygosity rates were observed in the Girolando cattle population (0.79) while the the lowest (0.63) was encountered in Lagunaire and Somba populations. The lowest value of the differentiation indice between population pairs (0.084) was observed between Borgou and White Fulani cattle. Genetic structure analysis clustered Somba and Lagunaire cattle breeds while White Fulani and Borgou cattle breeds were very close. The crossbreed populations (Borgou and Azawak x Lagunaire) were between taurine and zebu. However, taurine were introgressed (20% on average) by the zebu blood. This study is a basic information in undertaking a conservation program and/or for support in the elaboration of a genetic improvement program for local cattle breeds of Benin.
Keywords
Borgou, White Fulani, Azawak, Girolando, Microsatellite Markers, Benin
To cite this article
Kassa Sagui Kévin, Dayo Guiguigbaza-Kossigan Charles, Yapi-Gnaoré Valentine, Sylla Souleymane, Konkobo Maurice, Youssao Abdou Karim Issaka, Genetic Diversity of Benin Cattle Populations Using Microsatellite Markers, International Journal of Animal Science and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2019, pp. 7-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ijast.20190301.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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